India’s Population Growth: A Blessing or a Curse?

When we hear the terms “population” or “population increase,” our minds automatically respond with phrases such as “it’s a problem,” “population explosion,” or “it’s [population] massive.” 

Since childhood, we’ve been indoctrinated with the idea of viewing the populace as negative.

However, in order to understand this phenomenon of population expansion, a neutral viewpoint is required. 

India has the world’s second-largest population, and, surprisingly, it is relying on these people to achieve its goals. And, to no one’s surprise, the rest of the globe is taking notice of India’s massive population.

Nowadays, population expansion is widely regarded as the primary driver of underdevelopment. India, on the other hand, sees its people as the source of the so-called “Demographic Dividend.”

The Boon Argument

  • India’s population is positive since it will result in higher income, which will lead to higher savings, both of which are strong markers of economic progress.
  • Our population provides us with an unlimited supply of low-cost labor, which is a valuable resource for India.
  • The number of people seeking government services has increased dramatically, which is a really positive indicator for a society like ours because it means more social force.
  • As our population grows, more possibilities in many fields become available, resulting in additional job opportunities.
  • India has developed into a multi-talented nation. With a larger population, there is a larger pool of domestic intelligence to draw from, which can be put to good use.
  • With a larger skilled population, international firms are more likely to propose our newer projects, and certainly, we can perform them more cost-efficiently.
  • A larger population can be a valuable asset in labor-intensive industrial units, allowing us to become a major exporter of handcrafted items – every hand can become a source of income for the country.

The Bane Argument

  • It causes unemployment because as the population grows, the number of job options shrinks.
  • India’s infrastructure will be unable to bear the weight of an ever-increasing population.
  • Literacy rates are not increasing in lockstep with population growth, resulting in an influx of people living in poverty.
  • As a result of India’s poorly managed population policy, there has been a significant drop in the level of living as well as in health departments.
  • Existing grain is depleting at an alarming rate, and with the current rate of population growth, it will be difficult to feed and water this growing population.
  • Because they are few in number and limited to a few locations, awareness initiatives concerning the drawbacks of overpopulation have failed to have an impact on communities.
  • A large unfed population can lead to societal criminality.

The ever-increasing population of our country is more of a curse than a blessing, as it threatens to damage our country and cause global imbalance. Because India has the world’s second-largest population, it might lead to global economic instability and peace. It is past time for an effort to be made to raise public knowledge, which may help to put a stop to the rising population.

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