Is Democracy The Reason Why India Can Never Compare To China?

“Democracy is the best form of Government” is something we’ve been listening to since young. 

When India got free, everyone wanted a democratic rule, after all “of the people, by the people, for the people”, isn’t that what democracy shouts?

But is the statement true? Well, the people can’t be denied as it’s the people’s votes that decide where a party would rule and it’s the people who make those parties but about the third “for the people” part? 

Can anyone claim that the governments run in democracy work for the people?

The Distinction Between Democracy And Dictatorship

The western conventional has always believed for democracy to be good and dictatorship to be bad. 

But this crude distinction makes it difficult to comprehend the disparities in poverty alleviation between China and India during the last seven decades.


Talking about India, the country has been a parliamentary democracy according to its constitution, making its government significantly better than the other. 

But facts prove this wrong as the Indian constitutional system is majorly flawed!

The government has a bad reputation for corruption and the poor people here are marginalized significantly without any fault, they have traditionally been underrepresented in our representative democracy for long!

Traditions of the hierarchical caste system, as well as their great social and economic vulnerability, are just a few of the reasons. Even the fact that the judicial system is mostly based on English has a particularly negative impact on them. 

To a considerable extent, constitutional liberties are still only available to the educated and prosperous classes.

Well, indeed, multi-party elections have offered chances for parties that primarily represent lower castes and marginalized communities. 

Nonetheless, the political system is biassed towards the poor. The truth is that India’s supposedly democratic government has a history of ignoring the poor’s needs!


If we consider China’s condition, its track record has always been inconclusive!

Where one might argue about the absence of human rights in the country, China’s effort to get more and more people out of poverty and success is undeniable.

Where many developed countries still suffer from less dedication to get their people to live better, China’s rapid increase in economy, not the distribution of economic funds in its all sections of people is admirable! 

Mao Zedong’s Reign

Under Mao Zedong, although the country made significant progress in achieving universal access to primary education and basic health care, policy catastrophes such as the Great Leap Forward and elements of the Cultural Revolution occurred. 

Brutal tyranny resulted in millions of lives that could have been spared if there had been a chance to speak truth to power and challenge oppression.

Deng Xiaoping’s Reign

Governance remained “autocratic” but more flexible under Deng Xiaoping!

The regime experimented with several tactics before settling on the ones that had positive outcomes. 

Although the government still does not tolerate open opposition, it’s a fact that it did ease the constraints in many areas, and worked to find answers when dissatisfaction with environmental issues or labor relations erupted into protests.

Xi Jinping’s Reign 

Although highly oppressive, Xi Jinping’s rule of China has been indeed the most forward. The man started from a remote village where nothing was available. 

So he made use of “human excreta” to develop the place, the young president’s mind was indeed admirable!

Now, when he rules one of the world’s most powerful countries, through oppressive measures or humane measures, he has succeeded in taking his people to higher stages. 

Where in India, state governments exist and work for a particular state, China has developed a system of adopting different policies for different areas!

Yet India’s state governments fail to work effectively due to the need to accommodate powerful interest groups here, China has shown more scope for focusing on development goals.

To Adopt Dictatorship?

Scroll Tribe’s point in mentioning the positive aspects of development China has shown isn’t to eliminate democracy and adopt dictatorship.

Although the above statement said to keep human rights aside, if we go into the heart of the matter, China’s neglect of people’s freedom reflects on the bad aspects of dictatorship. 

Where in India, even if the law might be late, access to crucial information isn’t difficult. Social media has helped reflect the country’s good and bad governance to significant levels, and the presence of opposition parties assures that the government won’t run amok!

The same isn’t possible for China where the great firewall inhibits people from getting access to information related to their own country and the government is the supreme head with all the power.

The possibility of losing one’s life without fault still stands!

The Major Problem!

Human rights activists claim that China continues to harass, detain, and torture activists and their family members. People who have spoken out about politically sensitive issues have regularly been imprisoned by the authorities.

The Lawyers who worked on matters regarding free speech and power abuses were subjected to a crackdown. 245 attorneys and activists have been targeted, according to Amnesty International. Li Heping, one of the most well-known, is still missing.

And the above isn’t the end, there have been many such cases of human rights neglect, just the difference is those never got the chance to be shown mainstream!

What India needs to learn is to improve the democracy of the country! Take the good point of China’s working model, forget about comparing itself to Pakistan again and again, moving on and implementing laws that help! 

And by implementing, we don’t mean passing bills in the parliament but bringing the benefits of those bills to the people who require them!

The Present

If India would adopt China’s example of successful implementation of laws, many of our problems might be solved. If one visits China today, all will be shocked to know that the air quality of Beijing today is a lot better than many cities in India. 

On one hand, it’s troubling to think about the situation of Uighur Muslims in China. The situation in India doesn’t show signs of development any time soon either.

Both countries have good and bad, both countries could improve, it’s just about who’s more willing!